The environment is one of the most important aspects especially in the era when there is a global change and people don’t get fresh air to breathe. The change in the environment affects the healthy life of people especially in case of children. A recent data of the State of India’s Environment 2019 figures out that air pollution kills an average of 8.5 out of every 10,000 children in India before they turn five.
The survey says that air pollution is responsible for 12.5 percent of all deaths in India and its impact on children is equally worrying and over 1,00,000 children below the age of five die due to bad air in the country.
The study also finds out that climate change poses the biggest economic threat in the world today and features prominently in the UN Sustainable Development Goals 2030. It also states that with just 10 years to go, India is yet to identify indicators to track its colmate change preparedness.
The environment also damaged the state of water in the country as both surface and groundwater in the country are under stress. 86 water bodies are critically polluted and the bulk of the polluted water bodies are in Karnataka, Telangana and Kerala. The study finds that one of the reasons for which the water bodies get polluted is the substantial increase (136 percent) in the number of grossly polluting industries between 2011 and 2018. It is said that groundwater is also reeling under overexploitation which is running 94.5 percent of all minor irrigation schemes in the country.
The survey conducted by State of India’s Environment shows that India’s farm sector is under duress. It finds that while the input costs for major crops are rising, the average farmland size si shrinking.
SOE also states that India is projected to add 416 million urban dwellers to the world’s urban population by 2050 and will be home to about 58 percent of the total global population.
Health is also an important factor and due to the polluted environment all over, India’s rural health infrastructure is ailing. There is a 35 percent shortfall in the number of 24×7 public health centres where 26 percent of the positions for medical officers are lying vacant. The country also shares the world’s largest absolute burden of at least 11 major neglected tropical diseases which also includes dengue.